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Silence and Siren - Industrial Kalyani

It was the dream of the first Chief Minister of West Bengal, Dr. Bidhan Chandra Roy to build up Kalyani as a unique township with the perfect blending of industry and ecology. The famous Chittaranjan Locomotive was to be established in Kalyani. Some residential quarters were also built up for the employers of the proposed organisation. But ultimately the plan was discarded for security reasons as Kalyani was close to the international border. But that was not the end of the day. Rather it was just the beginning.

Today Kayani has a full-fledged industrial area known as "Silpanchal" that aids in unhindered and smooth running of industries. A large number of people earn their livelihood from Silpanchal.

In different blocks of Kalyani numerous industries with varying capacities are in operation as listed below, some of whom have won world-wide recognition.

  • IFL (International Ferrites Limited)
  • Kalyani Spinning Mills Ltd.
  • Indian Oil Corporation
  • Andrew Yule & Co. Ltd
  • Ellenbery Industrial Gas Company
  • Kalyani Breweries
  • K.R.Steel
  • Ramswarup Industries
  • Tele Linc Nicco
  • National Rubber Manufacture
  • Kalyani Feed Milling Plant
  • Dabur
  • Bengal Ferro Alloy Steel
  • Papairous Paper Ltd.
  • Dr.Bake & Co.
  • Factory of Wood Industry
  • Colmac Chemical Ltd.
  • Tega India Ltd.
  • Rupnarayan Paper Mills Ltd.
  • Concast Products Ltd.
  • India Pvt.Ltd.
  • Stain House India Pvt.Ltd.
  • Gloria Chemical Industries Ltd.
  • Perfect Steel Ltd.(Belting Division)
  • Websem Ltd.
  • Kanoriawis Skeension Centrifugal Ltd.
  • U.I.C. Wire Ltd.

Industries are the backbone of Kalyani. An entire block of the town, Block – D has been conceived as an industrial area. Thus, from the very beginning of the birth of Kalyani, industry was expected to be the prime generator of economic activity and employment in the township. Industrial development in Kalyani commenced with the setting up of the Kalyani Spinning Mill with 1500 employees by the Government of West Bengal in 1961. A few other medium scale enterprises set up operations here in the early 1960s under the government’s notification.

In 1976, the District of Nadia was declared as an industrially backward area by the Govt. of India and industries in Kalyani became eligible for various subsidies and incentives from both the Union and State governments. Various agencies like WBIDC, WBIIDC, DCSSI, DIC etc. started functioning in Kalyani. Thus, effective planned promotion of industries began in Kalyani only from the 1980s and industrial growth has thereafter shown a higher trend.

At present the District Industries Centre (DIC) is responsible for promoting small scale industries in Kalyani. The Directorate of Cottage and Small Scale Industries (DCSSI) is running an industrial estate for small scale units in Block-D. An industrial estate has also been set up in Block-D by the West Bengal Industrial Development Corporation (WBIDC_. In addition an industrial estate has been set up by the West Bengal Industrial Infrastructure Development Corporation (WBIIDC) at Gayeshpur on the outskirts of Kalyani. Kalyani has been declared a Growth Centre for industries in the state by W.B.I.D.C.

The major enterprises in Kalyani today include the Engineering and Belting Divisions of Andrew Yule, Kalyani Breweries, Pfizer, Telelink Nicco and West Bengal Filaments and Lamps.

Physical And Social Infrastructure :

The infrastructure in Kalyani has been considered under the following heads:

(a)Water Supply : The water supply network for Kalyani was one of the first elements to be developed. Currently Kalyani is supplying water to is residents at 180 I.p.c.d. Scope for increasing the supply exists. There is provision for 100% piped water supply through a 170 k.m. long network. The capacity of overhead reservoir is 27 lakh gallons per day of which 9.75 lakh gallons consisting of four municipality reservoirs (capacity 6.75 lakh gallons) and two PHE reservoirs (Capacity : 3 lakh gallons). There is also provisions for direct pumping through 5 PHE boosters, each stores having the capacity of 20,000 gallons per hour (average pumping being 12 hours per day).

(b) Sewerage : There is 190 k.m. long efficient sewerage system along the metal road having primary grid diameter of 64" (1600m.m.). A sewerage treatment plant of 6400 acres is located on the western boundary of Block-B.

(c) Surface Drain : There is Storm Water Drain on both sides of the metal roads.

(d) Roads & Communication : The complete network of roads for the developed portion has been built. All roads are metalled. The road system has a length of about 200 k.m.

(e) Electricity : There is provision for providing connections to every household, establishment and industry in Kalyani through a 100 k.m. long network of transmission lines and required substations.

(f) River & River Front : There are 19 private brick fields in the riverfront side. About 400 workers (mainly coming from U.P. and Bihar) are engaged in each brick field. The river is inaccessible to the residents of Kalyani. The river side to the southern fringe of Kalyani Municipality is highly eroded.

(g) Education : Kalyani has educational facilities of the highest order which have regional importance. The Kalyani University was established in 1961 as an Agriculture University. Today it has a student strength of about 3000 and attracts students from different parts of the state. There are vocational institutes like Teachers Training Institute, Polytechnic, Bidhan Chandra Krishi Vishwavidyalaya.

Village, Handicrafts And Handloom Industries :

This sector plays an important role in the upliftment of the rural people as well as new migrants in Kalyani. The definition of Khadi and Village industries have been broad based allowing many activities in its fold. These include industries like lime, village pottery, agarbati, cane and bamboo products, palmgur making, fibre, leather industry, carpentry, blacksmithy, textile, dress making and several service industries.

A variety of handicrafts with traditional skill are also available in the hinterland of Kalyani. Brass and Bell metal items which are concentrated near Nabadwip, Muragacha, Matiani (under Kalyani Block) provide employment in about 90 factories, part of which is spread in Ranaghat as well. Handlooms are concentrated in Nabadwip and Shantipur. A good number of weavers are also formed in Ranaghat – I, Chakdha and Haringhata Blocks, employing some persons of Kalyani town and Kalyani Sub-Division.

These industries also include some fruit processing like those of mango, guava, tomato and coconut in particular which are conducted at a small scale domestic level whose demand in urban market is perceptible.

The Department of Cottage & Small Scale Industries in collaboration with National Leather Department Project (NLDP) and KVIC conduct jointly Cobblers’ training at Kalyani. Training-cum-production on Chappal and Sandal has already started at the above Centre. The state government has provided free space for the Design Centre under NLDP(UNDP sponsored) for improving the design capabilities of the small producers of leather goods. It may be noted that West Bengal is the highest foreign exchange earner- Rs.667.18 crores in 1997-98 from the export of finished leather goods among the states of India. This is 70% of total national export.

There is no dearth of the provisions of institutional framework in West Bengal for encouraging industrial development in urban areas other than Kolkata like Kalyani. Kalyani Municipality is duty bound to properly utilise the institutional frameworks and they should lead to massive programmes of new industrial ventures, large and small at Kalyani.

Industries Based on Local Resources :

Several industries may be identified to have potential at Kalyani as they are based on local resources and appear to have a market much bigger than Kalyani itself. Among them fruit processing, selected vegetable processing, leather, coconut, coir and jute stick products are prominent. Paper, paper boards, straw board can have large export market.

The soil is particularly good for making the finest bricks and tiles in India. The use of the soil of the river bank and bed for the purpose may help in reducing the effect of siltation in the river in a perennial way.

The soil is again ideal for several medicinal plants and herbs. The agricultural universities offer great scope of growing plants of the requisite variety for transplantation to increase the agricultural and horticultural productivity and diversify agricultural produces that can supply raw materials for processing industries.

Environmental Conditions for Electronics And Electricals :

The physical environment in Kalyani is largely dust-free at least most dust-free among all units of C.M.D. and is also least polluted. This offers an unique opportunity for electronics industry to grow here and the produces exported to the rest of C.M.D. and beyond. For most of the other inputs including power, Kalyani is quite favourably located. The economic overheads have already been developed due to WEBEL. Manufacture of electrical appliances will be found potential and viable. Manufacturing of generators, transformers and electrical motors are also prospective.

Ancillarisation & Spare Parts Industries :

A dust-free environment, developed infra-structure, Industrial Training Institute, etc. at Kalyani provide unique opportunity for industries making sophisticated metal and non-metal products and spare parts to serve the large number of manufacturing industries, their machineries and equipments including selected transport equipments and agricultural machineries on both sides of river Hooghly in the C.M.D. and beyond which provide a large market for them.

Tourism & Recreation : The long inland water bodies of Kulia Beel, Mathura Beel, the long lakes in Sector-D, the Central lake and the long canals of Chandmari and Birpara in the north meeting the river Hooghly and the long canal in the south feeding Kulia beel from the river through Kanchrapara outgrowth provide unique opportunities of angling, fishing, aquatic sports and recreation like swimming, boating, rowing and associated water-bound recreational activities.

The Ghosh Para mela characterized by gathering of "Bauls" from all over the state every year near the temple of Satima offers scope of organising hospitality and recreation in the vicinity.

As per the Defence Ministry’s approval in June 1997, to lease 243 acres of land along Kalyani Expressway where the state government intends to set up a flying institute. This institute will enhance the scope of recreational activities and demand many allied activities and service industries.

Besides, opportunities are on the rise for numerous contemporary industries being set up in Kalyani. A township like Kalyani where a substantial proportion of youths are highly educated, knowledge based industries can easily thrive.

Kalyani has bloomed as a beautiful town with the extraordinary concert of silence and sirens.


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